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Although RQ features the use_connection() command for convenience, it is deprecated, since it pollutes the global namespace. Instead, prefer explicit connection management using the with Connection(...): context manager, or pass in Redis connection references to queues directly.

Single Redis connection (easy)

Note:

The use of use_connection is deprecated. Please don't use `use_connection` in your scripts. Instead, use explicit connection management.

In development mode, to connect to a default, local Redis server:

from rq import use_connection
use_connection()

In production, to connect to a specific Redis server:

from redis import Redis
from rq import use_connection

redis = Redis('my.host.org', 6789, password='secret')
use_connection(redis)

Be aware of the fact that use_connection pollutes the global namespace. It also implies that you can only ever use a single connection.

Multiple Redis connections

However, the single connection pattern facilitates only those cases where you connect to a single Redis instance, and where you affect global context (by replacing the existing connection with the use_connection() call). You can only use this pattern when you are in full control of your web stack.

In any other situation, or when you want to use multiple connections, you should use Connection contexts or pass connections around explicitly.

Explicit connections (precise, but tedious)

Each RQ object instance (queues, workers, jobs) has a connection keyword argument that can be passed to the constructor. Using this, you don’t need to use use_connection(). Instead, you can create your queues like this:

from rq import Queue
from redis import Redis

conn1 = Redis('localhost', 6379)
conn2 = Redis('remote.host.org', 9836)

q1 = Queue('foo', connection=conn1)
q2 = Queue('bar', connection=conn2)

Every job that is enqueued on a queue will know what connection it belongs to. The same goes for the workers.

This approach is very precise, but rather verbose, and therefore, tedious.

Connection contexts (precise and concise)

There is a better approach if you want to use multiple connections, though. Each RQ object instance, upon creation, will use the topmost Redis connection on the RQ connection stack, which is a mechanism to temporarily replace the default connection to be used.

An example will help to understand it:

from rq import Queue, Connection
from redis import Redis

with Connection(Redis('localhost', 6379)):
    q1 = Queue('foo')
    with Connection(Redis('remote.host.org', 9836)):
        q2 = Queue('bar')
    q3 = Queue('qux')

assert q1.connection != q2.connection
assert q2.connection != q3.connection
assert q1.connection == q3.connection

You can think of this as if, within the Connection context, every newly created RQ object instance will have the connection argument set implicitly. Enqueueing a job with q2 will enqueue it in the second (remote) Redis backend, even when outside of the connection context.

Pushing/popping connections

If your code does not allow you to use a with statement, for example, if you want to use this to set up a unit test, you can use the push_connection() and pop_connection() methods instead of using the context manager.

import unittest
from rq import Queue
from rq import push_connection, pop_connection

class MyTest(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        push_connection(Redis())

    def tearDown(self):
        pop_connection()

    def test_foo(self):
        """Any queues created here use local Redis."""
        q = Queue()
        ...

Sentinel support

To use redis sentinel, you must specify a dictionary in the configuration file. Using this setting in conjunction with the systemd or docker containers with the automatic restart option allows workers and RQ to have a fault-tolerant connection to the redis.

SENTINEL: {'INSTANCES':[('remote.host1.org', 26379), ('remote.host2.org', 26379), ('remote.host3.org', 26379)],
           'SOCKET_TIMEOUT': None,
           'PASSWORD': 'secret',
           'DB': 2,
           'MASTER_NAME': 'master'}