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For some use cases it might be useful have access to the current job ID or instance from within the job function itself. Or to store arbitrary data on jobs.

Job Creation

When you enqueue a function, the job will be returned. You may then access the id property, which can later be used to retrieve the job.

from rq import Queue
from redis import Redis
from somewhere import count_words_at_url

redis_conn = Redis()
q = Queue(connection=redis_conn)  # no args implies the default queue

# Delay execution of count_words_at_url('http://nvie.com')
job = q.enqueue(count_words_at_url, 'http://nvie.com')
print('Job id: %s' % job.id)

Or if you want a predetermined job id, you may specify it when creating the job.

job = q.enqueue(count_words_at_url, 'http://nvie.com', job_id='my_job_id')

A job can also be created directly with Job.create().

from rq.job import Job

job = Job.create(count_words_at_url, 'http://nvie.com')
print('Job id: %s' % job.id)
q.enqueue_job(job)

# create a job with a predetermined id
job = Job.create(count_words_at url, 'http://nvie.com', id='my_job_id')

The keyword arguments accepted by create() are:

In the last case, if you want to pass description and ttl keyword arguments to your job and not to RQ’s enqueue function, this is what you do:

job = Job.create(count_words_at_url,
          ttl=30,  # This ttl will be used by RQ
          args=('http://nvie.com',),
          kwargs={
              'description': 'Function description', # This is passed on to count_words_at_url
              'ttl': 15  # This is passed on to count_words_at_url function
          })

Job / Queue Creation with Custom Serializer

When creating a job or queue, you can pass in a custom serializer that will be used for serializing / de-serializing job arguments. Serializers used should have at least loads and dumps method. The default serializer used is pickle

import json
from rq import Job, Queue

job = Job(connection=connection, serializer=json)
queue = Queue(connection=connection, serializer=json)

Retrieving a Job from Redis

All job information is stored in Redis. You can inspect a job and its attributes by using Job.fetch().

from redis import Redis
from rq.job import Job

redis = Redis()
job = Job.fetch('my_job_id', connection=redis)
print('Status: %s' % job.get_status())

Some interesting job attributes include:

If you want to efficiently fetch a large number of jobs, use Job.fetch_many().

jobs = Job.fetch_many(['foo_id', 'bar_id'], connection=redis)
for job in jobs:
    print('Job %s: %s' % (job.id, job.func_name))

Accessing The “current” Job from within the job function

Since job functions are regular Python functions, you must retrieve the job in order to inspect or update the job’s attributes. To do this from within the function, you can use:

from rq import get_current_job

def add(x, y):
    job = get_current_job()
    print('Current job: %s' % (job.id,))
    return x + y

Note that calling get_current_job() outside of the context of a job function will return None.

Storing arbitrary data on jobs

Improved in 0.8.0.

To add/update custom status information on this job, you have access to the meta property, which allows you to store arbitrary pickleable data on the job itself:

import socket

def add(x, y):
    job = get_current_job()
    job.meta['handled_by'] = socket.gethostname()
    job.save_meta()

    # do more work
    time.sleep(1)
    return x + y

Time to live for job in queue

New in version 0.4.7.

A job has two TTLs, one for the job result, result_ttl, and one for the job itself, ttl.
The latter is used if you have a job that shouldn’t be executed after a certain amount of time.

# When creating the job:
job = Job.create(func=say_hello, 
                 result_ttl=600,  # how long (in seconds) to keep the job (if successful) and its results
                 ttl=43,  # maximum queued time (in seconds) of the job before it's discarded.
                )

# or when queueing a new job:
job = q.enqueue(count_words_at_url, 
                'http://nvie.com', 
                result_ttl=600,  # how long to keep the job (if successful) and its results
                ttl=43  # maximum queued time
               )

Job position in queue

For user feedback or debuging it is possible to get the position of a job within the work queue. This allows to track the job processing through the queue.

This function iterates over all jobs within the queue and therefore does perform poorly on very large job queues.

from rq import Queue
from redis import Redis
from hello import say_hello

redis_conn = Redis()
q = Queue(connection=redis_conn)

job = q.enqueue(say_hello)
job2 = q.enqueue(say_hello)

job2.get_position()
# returns 1

q.get_job_position(job)
# return 0

Failed Jobs

If a job fails during execution, the worker will put the job in a FailedJobRegistry. On the Job instance, the is_failed property will be true. FailedJobRegistry can be accessed through queue.failed_job_registry.

from redis import StrictRedis
from rq import Queue
from rq.job import Job


def div_by_zero(x):
    return x / 0


connection = StrictRedis()
queue = Queue(connection=connection)
job = queue.enqueue(div_by_zero, 1)
registry = queue.failed_job_registry

worker = Worker([queue])
worker.work(burst=True)

assert len(registry) == 1  # Failed jobs are kept in FailedJobRegistry

registry.requeue(job)  # Puts job back in its original queue

assert len(registry) == 0

assert queue.count == 1

By default, failed jobs are kept for 1 year. You can change this by specifying failure_ttl (in seconds) when enqueueing jobs.

job = queue.enqueue(foo_job, failure_ttl=300)  # 5 minutes in seconds

Requeueing Failed Jobs

RQ also provides a CLI tool that makes requeueing failed jobs easy.

# This will requeue foo_job_id and bar_job_id from myqueue's failed job registry
rq requeue --queue myqueue -u redis://localhost:6379 foo_job_id bar_job_id

# This command will requeue all jobs in myqueue's failed job registry
rq requeue --queue myqueue -u redis://localhost:6379 --all